Jun 192009

Botswana – Zimbabwe – South Africa (Limpopo) – Mozambique

The Limpopo is the second largest river in Africa that drains to the east, after the Zambezi River. Around 1 750 kilometers long, it starts at the confluence of the Marico and Crocodile rivers in South Africa and flows in a great arc, first zig-zagging northeast and north, then turning east and finally southeast. It serves as a border for about 640 km, separating South Africa on the southeast bank from Botswana in the northwest and Zimbabwe on the north.

Limpopo River - Mapungubwe


Mapungubwe National Park and World Heritage Site is rich in biodiversity, great scenic beauty and the cultural importance of the archaeological treasures of Mapungubwe. On Mapungubwe Hill, a far developed African civilisation prospered between 1200 and 1270 AD. The area was already inhabited by a growing Iron Age community from 900 AD and became rich through trade with Egypt, India and China.

The Limpopo’s main tributary is the Olifants River (Elephant River). Other major tributaries include the Shashe River, Mzingwane River, Crocodile River, Mwenezi River and Luvuhu River.

The port town of Xai-Xai, Mozambique is on the river near its mouth. Below the Olifants, the river is permanently navigable to the sea, though a sandbar prevents access to larger ships, except at high tide.


Location (from 25° 10′ S, 33° 35′ E to 25° 10′ S, 33° 35′ E)

View Limpopo River in a larger map

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Service Providers
Award-winning Tuli Safari Lodge – set in the Northern Tuli Game Reserve – is an idyllic base for exploring the majestic landscape, spectacular wildlife and fascinating history of this beautiful, unspoilt corner of Botswana. Located on the banks of the Limpopo River, close to the Mapungubwe World Heritage Site in South Africa, and at the heart of the Greater Mapungubwe Transfrontier Conservation Area, the reserve boasts over 350 species of birds, a large elephant population, vast herds of plains game, lion, leopard, cheetah and wild dog.

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