Burundi, Congo (DRC), Tanzania, Zambia
This vast inland sea was first made known to the European world in the 19th century by the English explorers Richard Burton and John Speke. They pursued it as the source of the Nile, arriving at its shores in February of 1858, only to discover that the Ruzizi River in the north, which they thought to be the Nile, flowed into and not out of the lake. Their incredible journey is documented in the movie ‘Mountains of the Moon’. It is the longest fresh water lake in the world and the second deepest, after Lake Baikal in Siberia. The lake is divided between four countries – Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Tanzania and Zambia, with the DRC (45%) and Tanzania (41%) possessing the majority of the lake. The water flows into the Congo River system and ultimately into the Atlantic Ocean.
Location (3° 20′ to 8° 48′ S, 29° 5′ to 31° 15′ E)
The lake is situated within the Western Rift and is confined by the mountainous walls of the valley. It extends for 673 km in a general north-south direction and averages 50 km in width. The lake covers 32,900 km², with a shoreline of 1,828 km and a mean depth of 570 metres (1,900 ft) and a maximum depth of 1,470 metres (4,800 ft) (in the northern basin).
There are two ferries which carry passengers and cargo along the eastern shore of the lake – the MV Liemba between Kigoma and Mpulungu and the MV Mwongozo, which runs between Kigoma and Bujumbura. The port town of Kigoma is the railhead for the railway from Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. The port town of Kalemie is the railhead for the D.R. Congo rail network. The port town of Mpulungu is a proposed railhead for Zambia.
Work your way up and start with the Zambia Tourist Board.
Lupita Island measures but 100 acres (40 ha) in Lake Tanganyika, just 15 minutes boat ride from the village (and air strip) of Kipili. Lupita’s 13 thatched-roof guest accommodations range from 1800 to 2800 square feet (167 to 260 m²). They accepted their first guests just about one year ago, providing luxury and comfort along with breathtaking views of the seemingly endless lake.